Bài tập rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ

Chúng ta đã thực hiện các bài tập về mệnh đề quan hệ ở bài học trước. Hôm nay hãy cùng x2tienganh tiếp đến với các dạng bài tập RÚT GỌN MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ các bạn nhé!

bài tập rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ

Lý thuyết

Rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ với hiện tại hoặc quá khứ phân từ

  • Hiện tại phân từ là phân từ có dạng –ing. Nếu động từ trong mệnh đề quan hệ ở dạng chủ động (active), ta dùng cụm hiện tại phân từ để giản lược mệnh đề quan hệ.
  • Quá khứ phân từ là phân từ dạng V-ed/V3. Nếu động từ trong mệnh đề quan hệ ở dạng bị động (passive), ta dùng cụm quá khứ phân từ để giản lược mệnh đề quan hệ.

Khi mệnh đề trước có các chữ sau bổ nghĩa cho danh từ: the only, the last, the first, the second,…ta có thể rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ bằng cách dùng to – infinitive

Đối với mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định (Non – defining clause), ta có thể rút gọn bằng cách bỏ đại từ quan hệ và động từ to be, chỉ giữ lại cụm danh từ.

Rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ có dạng đại từ quan hệ + be + tính từ khi trước đại từ quan hệ là đại từ bất định như something, anybody,…

Bài tập

Dưới đây là 40 bài tập rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ có đáp án. Cùng thực hành các bài tập này nhé.

Exercise 1

Rewrite sentences, use reduced relative clause

1) A plane crashed into the sea yesterday. It was carrying 28 passengers.

2) The man was taken to hospital. He was injured in the accident.

3) The window has now been repaired. It was broken in last night’s storm.

4) When I was walking home, there was a man. He was following me.

5) I was woken up by the baby. She was crying.

6) Most of the suggestions were not very practical. They were made at the meeting.

7) The road is narrow. It joins the two villages.

8) I live in a pleasant room. It overlooks the garden.

9) Most of the goods are exported. They are made in this factory.

10) When I arrived, there was a big red car. The car was parked outside the house.

Exercise 2

Complete these sentences with the following verbs. Put the verb in the correct form

Blow

WorkOffer

Sit

WaitInvitePost

Study

callLiveRead

Ring

1) I was woken up by a bell…………….

2) None of the people…………….to the party can come.

3) Tom has got a brother………….in a bank in London and a sister…………..economics at university in Glasgow.

4) Somebody…………..Jack phoned while you were out.

5) All letters……………today should arrive tomorrow.

6) When I entered the waiting room, there was nobody, except for a young man……………by the window…………..a magazine.

7) A few days after the interview, I received a letter……………me the job.

8) There was a tree…………..down in the storm last night.

9) Sometimes life must be very unpleasant for peple…………….near airports.

10) Is there anybody………….to see me?

Exercise 3

Choose the correct answer

1) The bicycle which was featured was made by Bianchi.

A. The featured bicycle was made by Bianchi.

B. The was featured bicycle made by Bianchi.

C. The made Bianchi bicycle was featured.

2) The mobile phone which is on the desk is broken.

A. The on the desk mobile phone is broken.

B.The telephone on the desk is broken.

C. The telephone desk is broken.

3) David, who was responsible for customer services, made the presentation.

A. David customer services responsible made the presentation.

B. David responsible for customer services made the presentation.

C. David, responsible for customer services, made the presentation.

4) The men that are working on the project come from Russia.

A. The men working on the project come from Russia.

B. The working men on the project come from Russia.

C. The working on the project men come from Russia.

5) The towels that are on the chair can be used in club showers.

A. The on the chair towels can be used in club showers.

B. The towels on the chair can be used in club showers.

C. The chaired towels can be used in club showers.

6) Nha Trang, which is famous for its seafood, is a beautiful city.

A. Nha Trang famous for its seafood is a beautiful city.

B. Nha Trang, famous for its seafood, is a beautiful city.

C. Nha Trang is famous for its seafood is a beautiful city.

7) The cake that was selected came from an French bakery.

A. The that selected cake came from an French bakery.

B. The cake selected came from an French bakery.

C. The cake was selected came from an French bakery.

8) The students who study at our school come from all over the world.

A. The studying students at our school come from all over the world.

B. The studying at our school students come from all over the world.

C. The students studying at our school come from all over the world.

9) The man who was handsome worked in Hollywood.

A. The man handsome worked in Hollywood.

B. The man who handsome worked in Hollywood.

C. The handsome man worked in Hollywood.

10) My friends who are studying in Britain will be at the party.

A. My friends studying in Britain will be at the party.

B. My friends who studying in Britain will be at the party.

C. My friends in Britain studying will be at the party.

Exercise 4

Rewrite sentences, using a relative infitive

1) No woman has received this honour before.

2) Marie Curie won a Noble prize in two different disciplines. She is the only person who has done so.

3) Isn’t there anybody who can look after him?

4) I’ll need to get new dress which I can wear for the party.

5) Tom wasn’t the only reporter who questioned the official line.

6) This is the best thing that has happened in a long time.

7) Have you got any paper which I can wrap this in?

8) I’m bored, there is nothing that I can do round here.

9) Will Smith has signed the petition. He is the most famous actor who has signed.

10) I need a hotel where I can stay for a night.

Đáp án

Exercise 1:

1) A plane carrying 28 passengers crashed into the sea yesterday.

2) The man injured in the accident was taken to hospital.

3) The window broken in last night’s storm has now been repaired.

4) When I was walking home, there was a man following me.

5) I was woken up by the baby crying.

6) Most of the suggestions made at the meeting were not very practical.

7) The road joining the two villages is narrow.

8) I live in a pleasant room overlooking the garden.

9) Most of the goods made in this factory are exported.

10) When I arrived, there was a big red car parked outside the house.

Exercise 2:

1) ringing            2) invited             3) working / studying              4) called                5) posted

6) sitting / reading             7) offering               8) blown               9) living            10) waiting

Exercise 3:

1) A           2) B            3) C            4) A            5) B

6) B           7) B            8) C            9) C           10) A

Exercise 4:

1) She is the first woman to have receive this honour.

2) Marie Curie is the only person to have won a Nobel prize in two different disciplines.

3) Isn’t there anybody to look after him?

4) I’ll need to get new dress to wear for the party.

5) Tom wasn’t the only reporter to question official line.

6) It’s the best thing to have happened in a long time.

7) Have you got any paper towrap this in?

8) I’m bored, there is nothing to do round here.

9) Will Smith is the most famous actor to have signed the petition.

10) I need a hotel to stay for a night.

x2tienganh vừa giới thiệu về bài tập rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ. Các bạn nên thực hành nhiều bởi các bài tập dạng này xuất hiện rất nhiều trong các bài kiểm tra, thi cuối kì.

Chúc các em học tốt!

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