Bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ

Các bạn đã được học khá nhiều kiến thức quan trọng về Relative Clause. Hãy dành thời gian hoàn thành các dạng bài tập MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ cơ bản dưới đây để ôn lại những gì đã học nhé!

Lý thuyết

Mệnh đề quan hệ (Relative Clause) là mệnh đề có chức năng bổ nghĩa cho danh từ hoặc cụm danh từ đứng ở phía trước, giúp người đọc, người nghe biết người hay vật nào đang được đề cập đến.

bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ

Mệnh đề quan hệ sẽ được bắt đầu bằng các đại từ quan hệ who, which, that, whom, whose, where.

  • WHO trong mệnh đề quan hệ khi nói về người, thay cho he / she / they.
  • Khi nói về đồ vật, chúng ta dùng WHICH.
  • Dùng THAT thay thế cho WHO và WHICH, nghĩa là THAT dùng được cho cả người và vật.
  • WHOSE dùng trong mệnh đề quan hệ thay cho his / her / their, mang nghĩa sở hữu, chủ yếu dùng cho người.
  • WHOM được dùng khi nó là túc từ của động từ trong realative clause, và có thể dùng với 1 giới từ (to/from/with WHOM)
  • WHERE dùng trong mệnh đề quan hệ chỉ nơi chốn.

Exercise 

Exercise 1

Rewrite sentence with the same meaning, use a relative clause

1) Norman won 20000. He gave half of it to his parents.

2) Tom made a number of suggestions. Most of them were very helpful.

3) I haven’t got a passport. This means I can’t leave the country.

4) They didn’t thank us for the meal before they left. I thought this was very rude of them.

5) I have just bought some books about astronomy. I’m very interested in it.

6) A girl was injured in the accident. She is now in hospital.

7) Where are the eggs? They were in the fridge.

8) A friend of mine helped me to get a job. His father is the manager of a company.

9) The new stadium will be opened next month. The stadium holds 90000 people.

10) John is one of my closest friend. I have known John for 8 years.

Exercise 2

Complete these sentences, where necessary, with that, who or what. If it is possible to write that or leave it out, write…(that) in brackets.

1) Did you hear……..….he said? Everything…………he said was true.

2) She gives her children everything…………they want.

3) Tell me…………….you want and I’ll try to help you.

4) Why do you blame me for everything……………goes wrong?

5) I won’t be able to do very much but I’ll do the best………….I can.

6) I can’t lend you any money. All………….I’ve got is a bound.

7) Nora is the only person……………..understands me.

8) Why do you always disagree with everything…………..I say?

9) I don’t agree with……………you’ve just said.

10) This is an awful film. It’s the worst…………..I’ve ever seen.

Exercise 3

The sentence in this exercises are not complete. Choose the most suitable ending from the list and make it into a relative clause.

He invented the telephone

It makes typewriters

She runs away from home

It gives you the meaning of words
They are never on time

It won the race

They stole my car

It can support life

They used to hang on that wall

It was found that last week

1) Gery works for a company……………..

2) The book is about a girl……………….

3) What was the name of the horse………………….?

4) The police have caught the men……………………

5) Alexandra Bell was the man………………………

6) Where are the pictures………………………..

7) The police are still trying to identify the body……………………

8) A dictionary is a book………………………..

9) I don’t like people……………………..

10) It seems that Earth is the only planet……………………….

Exercise 4

Choose the correct answer

1) Mike has a new car,……………is twice as big as his old one.

A. which                         B. that                        C. who

2) Which sentence is correct?

A. The new stadium opened last month,which can hold over 200000 people.

B. The new stadium, which can hold over 200000 people, opened last week.

C. The new stadium, that can hold over 200000 people, opened last week.

3) Which sentence uses commas (,) correctly?

A. My sister, who you met last year, is coming to visit.

B. My sister who you met last year, is coming to visit.

C. My sister, who you met last year is coming to visit.

4) The sentence below indicates that

The apple tree which is at the bottom of the garden needs to be cut down.

A. There are several apple trees at the bottom of the garden.

B. There is one apple tree in the garden.

C. There are several apple trees in the garden.

5) We walked as far as the waterfall, ………….we stopped for a picnic.

A. that                       B. where                          C. which

6) The mountain………….we climbed yesterday was the highest mountain in Britain.

A. which                   B. where                           C. what

7) In which sentence can you delete WHO?

A. The man who lives next to me is nearly eighty.

B. The man who I saw on the bus is my neighbor.

C. The man who cleans my windows has gone into hospital.

8) In which sentence can you NOT delete THAT?

A. A photocopier is a machine that makes copies of pages.

B. I’ve lost the magazine that I was reading.

C. The film that we saw yesterday was brilliant.

9) What CANNOT go in the space?

Anna looked after the injured bird………….she found in the garden.

A. who                         B. that                          C. (no word is needed here)

10) What CANNOT go in the space?

Last week I bought a watch…………..was half price.

A. that                          B. which                        C. (no word is needed here)

Xem thêm: Bài tập rút gọn mệnh đề quan hệ

Answer

Exercise 1:

1) Norman won 20000, half of which he gave to his parents.

2) Tom made a number of suggestions, most of which were very helpful.

3) I haven’t got a passport, which means I can’t leave the country.

4) They didn’t thank us for the meal before they left, which I thought was very rude of them.

5) I have just bought some books about astronomy, which I’m very interested in.

6) The girl who was injured in the accident is now in hospital.

7) Where are the eggs that / which were in the fridge?

8) A friend of mine, whose father is the manager of a company, helped me to get a job.

9) The new stadium, which holds 90000 people, will be opened next month.

10) John, who / whom I have known for eight years, is one of my closest friends.

Exercise 2:

1) what / (that)           2) (that)             3) what                4) that                 5) (that)

6) (that)                7) who / that                8) (that)                9) what                  10) (that)

Exercise 3:

1) that / which makes typewriters

2) who / that runs away from home

3) that / which won the race

4) who / that stole my car

5) who / that invented the telephone

6) that / which used to hang on that wall

7) that / which was found last week

8) that / which gives you the meaning of words

9) who / that are never on time

10) that / which can support life

Exercise 4:

1) A             2) B               3) A                4) C               5) B

6) A             7) B               8) A                9) A               10) C

Các bạn vừa hoàn thành các bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ và lời giải chi tiết. Việc thường xuyên thực hành các bài tập tiếng anhh rất quan trọng giúp chuẩn bị cho các bài kiểm tra, kì thi tốt nhất.

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