Bài tập câu tường thuật

Học đi đôi với hành – Nếu đã học thuộc lòng lý thuyết nhưng không thực hành bài tập thì chúng ta sẽ không nhớ lâu. Hãy dành thời gian hoàn thành các bài tập CÂU TƯỜNG THUẬT dưới đây nhé!

Lý thuyết

Câu tường thuật là câu được dùng để mô tả lại câu chuyện, sự việc được nghe nói đến. Câu tường thuật có thể hiểu là lối nói gián tiếp.

Các bước chuyển câu trực tiếp sang câu tường thuật:

  • Chọn từ tường thuật: said, told, asked,….
  • Lùi thì động từ: hiện tại thành quá khứ, quá khứ thành quá khứ hoàn thành, will thành would, may thành might, must / would / should / ought giữ nguyên
  • Đổi các đại từ và tính từ sở hữu
  • Đổi các từ chỉ thời gian, nơi chốn: here thành there, now thành ten, today thành that day, yesterday thành the day before, tomorrow thành the following day, ….ago thành….before, this thành that, these thành those,….

bài tập câu tường thuật

Exercise

Exercise 1

Yesterday you met a friend of yours, Charlie. Charlie told you a lot of things. Here are some of the things he said to you:

1. I’m thinking of going to live in Canda5. I’ve been playing tennis a lot recently9. I work 14 hours a day
2. My father is in hospital6. Margaret has had a baby10. I’ll tell Jim I saw you
3. Nora and Jim are getting married next month7. I don’t know what Fred is doing11. You can come and stay with me if you are ever in London
4. I haven’t seen Bill for a while8. I hardly ever go out these days12. Tom had an accident last week but he wasn’t injured

Later that day you tell another friend what Charlie said. Use reported speech.

1) Charlie said that he………………………………..

2) Charlie said that…………………………………..

3) Charlie said that…………………………………..

……………………………………………………….

12)……………………………………………………

Exercise 2

Someone says something to you which is the opposite of what they said before. You have to answer “I thought you said…”

1) That restaurant is expensive.

I thought you said it…………………….

2) Ann is coming to the party.

3) Bill passed his examination.

4) Ann likes Bill.

5) I’ve got many friends.

6) Jack and Jill are going to get married.

7) To works very hard.

8) I want to be rich and famous.

9) I’ll be here next week.

10) I can afford a holiday this year.

Exercise 3

Complete these sentences with said, told or talked

1) Tom………….that he didn’t like Brian.

2) Jack………….me that he was enjoying his new job.

3) Tom…………it was a nice restaurant but I didn’t like it much.

4) The doctor……………..that I would have to rest for at least a week.

5) Mrs.Taylor…………….us she wouldn’t be able to come to the next meeting.

6) Ann………….Tom that she was going away.

7) George couldn’t help me. He………………..to ask Jack.

8) At the meeting, the chairman…………….about the problems facing the company.

9) Jill………………us all about her holiday in Australia.

10) Mike…………..about his trip to America.

bài tập câu tường thuật

Exercise 4

Write a new sentence with the same meaning

1) “Listen carefully”, he said to us.

2) “Don’t wait for me if I’m late”, Ann said.

3) “Eat more fruit and vegetables”, the doctor said.

4) “Read the instructions before you switch on the machine”, he said to me.

5) “Shut the door but don’t lock it”, she said to us.

6) “Can you speak more slowly? I can’t understand.”, he said to me.

7) “Don’t come before 6 o’clock”, said to him.

8) “Please don’t tell anyone what happened”, Ann said to me.

9) “Don’t shout”, I said to Jim.

10) “Can you open the door for me, Tom?”, Ann asked.

Exercise 5

Choose the correct answer

1) Report this sentence correctly

I can swim really fast.

A. He told that he could swim really fast.

B. He said that he could swim really fast.

C. He said me that he could swim really fast.

2) Report this sentence correctly

There was an accident outside the supermarket.

A. He said there has been an accident outside the supermarket.

B. He said there were an accident outside the supermarket.

C. He said there had been an accident outside the supermarket.

3) Tom: “I’m going to London tomorrow”

Five days later you say……………

A. Tom said he was going to London tomorrow.

B. Tom said he is going to London the following day.

C. Tom said he was going to London the following day.

4) Which sentence is NOT correct?

A. Karen said she was going to late.

B. James said he will help me.

C. Lisa said she didn’t have a map.

5) Maria appologised for not coming. She said she had been busy…………..

A. previous day              B. the following day             C. that day

6) Paul: “I won’t be at the meeting tomorrow”

Paul said that he……………..at the meeting the following day.

A. wouldn’t be                B. won’t be                   C. will not be

7) Me: “I’ve done it”

I tole you that I…………..it.

A. did                    B. had done                   C. have done

8) Danny: “I’m going to be late”

Danny told me that he…………be late.

A. is going to                   B. will                    C. was going to

9) Mike: “I can’t chat because I’m working”

Mike said that he………….chat because he was working.

A. couldn’t                      B. can’t                     C. doesn’t

10) Hannah: “I want to go to the football match, but I don’t have enough money”

Hannah said that she………….to go to the football match, but she……….have enough money.

A. wanted / doesn’t have                  B. wanted / didn’t have                  C. had wanted / hadn’t had

Answer

Exercise 1

1) Charlie said that he was thinking of going to live in Canada.

2) Charlie said that his father was in hospital.

3) Charlie said that Nora and Jim were getting married the following month.

4) He said that he hadn’t seen Bill for a while.

5) He said that he had been playing tennis a lot recently.

6) He said that Margaret had had a baby.

7) He said that he didn’t know what Fred was doing.

8) He said that he hardly ever went out those days.

9) He said that he worked 14 hours a day.

10) He said that he would tell Jim he had seen me.

11) He said that I could come and stay with him if I was ever in London.

12) He said that Tom had had an accident the week before but he hadn’t been injured.

Exercise 2:

1) I thought you said it wasn’t expensive.

2) I thought you said she wasn’t coming to the party

3) I thought you said he hadn’t passed his examination.

4) I thought you said Ann didn’t like Bill.

5) I thought you said you hadn’t got many friends.

6) I thought you said they weren’t going to get married.

7) I thought you said he didn’t work very hard.

8) I thought you said you didn’t want to be rich and famous.

9) I thought you said you wouldn’t there the following week.

10) I thought you said you couldn’t afford a holiday that year.

Exercise 3:

1) said              2) told             3) said               4) said                5) told

6) told               7) said            8) talked            9) told                10) talked

Exercise 4:

1) He told us to listen carefully.

2) Ann said not to wait for her if she was late.

3) The doctor said to eat more fruit and vegetables.

4) He told me to read the instructions before I switched on the machine.

5) She told us to shut the door but not to lock it.

6) He asked me to speak more slowly because he couldn’t understand.

7) I told him not to come before 6 o’clock.

8) Ann asked me not to tell anyone what had happened.

9) I told Jim not to shout.

10) Ann asked Tom to open the door for her.

Exercise 5:

1) A           2) C             3) C             4) B              5) C

6) A           7) B              8) C             9) A             10) B

Chúng tôi vừa giúp các bạn hoàn thành các bài tập câu tường thuật (câu gián tiếp). Theo dõi các đáp án bên dưới để kiểm tra tính chính xác sau khi làm bài.

Chúc các em học tốt!

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